The material used in the construction of the ping pong table is crucial for this matter. For ping pong table materials for indoor use are either plywood, particleboard, and medium-density fiberboard. For outdoor tables, you can see table boards that are either made from metal, concrete, fiberglass, or plastic.
Rubber, Racket, or Paddle. The table tennis racket or paddle is another important piece of equipment. It is used to hit the ball back and forth on the table. The shape is similar to the one used for tennis except it is smaller and made of different materials. The racket is made of wood and rubber.
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Firstly, they are quite similar to each other. They have the same width, length, and height. The most notable difference is the material used to make the table tennis top. Indoor one is solid wood, while outdoor one is a mixture of wood and metal, and is finished with a coating to resist the harsh sun, rain, and dust.
This blade could be made of many different materials varying from glass fiber, cork, carbon fiber, Kevlar to aluminum fiber. But ITTF recommends that at least 85% of the paddle has to be made of wood. Woods to be used are cypress and Korina. The bat is usually is 6 inches (15 cm) wide and 6.5 inches (17 cm) long.
Table tennis balls are made out of a unique, plastic-like material called celluloid. Air is trapped inside the ball, which allows it to bounce after striking a paddle or table. The lightweight ball can be struck with different types of rubbers and wrist action which results in different spin rates.
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High-Density Fiber Board (HDF) is expensive, while Medium Density Fiber Board (MDF) is cheaper but not as durable. Plus it is apparently difficult and expensive to get hold of sheets large enough to make up 9 feet by 5 feet table half since most HDF and MDF sheets are 8 feet by 4 feet.